JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 11

TRENDS e-bike

Uncertainties over Chinese supply chains
put pressure on electric bike producers
The 2020's are set to be the decade of the electric
car, and 2020 seems already to be the year of the
electric bike. The pandemic that has boosted demand
for bicycles also looks set to accelerate the shift to
battery-assisted pedalling. But high demand means
pressured supply chains.

D

uring the first quarter of
2020, closed shops due
to lockdowns and socially-distanced factories punctured
demand and disrupted supply
in the bicycle industry. As a result of the coronavirus outbreak,
some companies such as Trust
Performance, a US suspension
company that develops innovative linkage forks, suspended
their operations.
In a recent announcement, Trust
Performance highlighted how
2019 was a year of growth for
the brand. "We had great momentum based on key demand metrics,
brand awareness, and community
enthusiasm." Alas, 2020 brought
a confluence of disruptions that
"added up to a perfect storm",
the company said. It all "started
with the shutdown of key parts of
our Asian supply chain following
the Chinese New Year due to the
coronavirus. In February, demand
slowed considerably as macro fears
about the economy started to rise.
Then, finally, severe negativity in
the investment markets shut down
our ability to gain access to capital", Trust Performance detailed.

GiantEV: Frames
for electric bikes at
the Giant factory in
Taichung, Taiwan
(source: New York
Times)

Demand in full swing
But sales are now rebounding
as commuters eschew public
transport and embrace solitary
outdoor exercise. According to
the Reuters media agency, the
major Taiwanese bike manufacturer Giant Manufacturing saw
revenue jump by 55% year-onyear in June 2020. British retailer
Halfords reported a similar-sized
spike in its cycling business in the
13 weeks to early July.
Electric bikes are the prime beneficiary of this renewed enthusiasm. According to the US market
intelligence firm Guidehouse
Insights, "although sales of tradi-

tional bicycles have remained flat
in most major world markets for
the past several years, electric bicycles (e-bikes) are achieving unprecedented growth across North
America, Europe, and pockets of
Asia Pacific".
The firm explains the large increase in e-bike sales by several
emerging market and technology trends, including significant
investment into electrification
by major bicycle and automotive
manufacturers, historic adoption levels among European
consumers, and increased e-bike
model availability and use cases. According to Guidehouse

SPECIAL ISSUE Sports, Health & Leisure / November 2020 /

jec composites magazine

11



JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020

Cover
Edito
Contents
TRENDS
Business - Sports and health: a wealth of opportunities for composites
e-Bike - Uncertainties over Chinese supply chains put pressure on electric bike producers
Opportunities - The Gaming industry asks composites players: are you ready?
PROCESSING
Characterization - Bamboo versus maple from a skateboard manufacturer’s viewpoint
Engineering lntegrated loop technology provides new high strength joints for carbon fibre composites
Additive manufacturing - Disrupting the composite tooling supply chain
Biocomposites - Changing the outdoor hardware industry
APPLICATION
Climbing - A mountain in the middle of the city
Acoustic - The sound of composite violins investigated
Loudspeakers - Best sound in the world
Jewellery - Shine bright like a composite
Travel - Carbon fibre composites give luggage a leg up
Watersports - Closed-loop recycling of epoxy composites
Running shoes - Composites make their own mark in China
Sprinting shoes - Future of sprinting: spikeless CFRTP sprinting shoe
Medical - Advanced composite materials for prosthetic sockets in developing countries
Prostheses - A new way to make prostheses and orthoses
Paralympics - ‘‘The company’s objective is to design a future full of choices”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 4
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Business - Sports and health: a wealth of opportunities for composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 8
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 9
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 10
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - e-Bike - Uncertainties over Chinese supply chains put pressure on electric bike producers
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 12
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Opportunities - The Gaming industry asks composites players: are you ready?
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 16
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 18
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 19
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Characterization - Bamboo versus maple from a skateboard manufacturer’s viewpoint
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 22
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Engineering lntegrated loop technology provides new high strength joints for carbon fibre composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 24
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 26
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Additive manufacturing - Disrupting the composite tooling supply chain
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Biocomposites - Changing the outdoor hardware industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 31
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Climbing - A mountain in the middle of the city
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Acoustic - The sound of composite violins investigated
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 38
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 40
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Loudspeakers - Best sound in the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 42
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Jewellery - Shine bright like a composite
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 44
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Travel - Carbon fibre composites give luggage a leg up
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Watersports - Closed-loop recycling of epoxy composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Running shoes - Composites make their own mark in China
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 51
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Sprinting shoes - Future of sprinting: spikeless CFRTP sprinting shoe
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 53
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Medical - Advanced composite materials for prosthetic sockets in developing countries
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 56
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 60
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Prostheses - A new way to make prostheses and orthoses
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 63
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - Paralympics - ‘‘The company’s objective is to design a future full of choices”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 65
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 66
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Special Issue Composites for Sports, Health & Leisure - November 2020 - 68
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