JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 54

SOLUTlONS aerospace

Composites push
back the final frontier

M

ore than ever before, the sky is a topic
of discussion and a growing concern.
Integral to travel and transport of goods
in aviation, our use of this space is also crucial
to communications, with the global network of
satellites that are sent into orbit. Today, these
two aspects are so structural that they are indispensable to how our current global economic
models work. These sectors also present great
economic, financial and technological challenges, all of which are opportunities for composite
materials to confirm their penetration in these
applications.
In the air transport sector, the issue of pollution
management must be addressed. Numerous international projects - Clean Sky-1 and 2, Imothep for Europe, CLEEN for the US - aim to reduce the carbon footprint of airplanes, as well as
to increase their lifespan. The applications for
thermoplastics and the many materials that are
already available have cleared the way for new
certifications. Such advances will mean the end
of the famous "black metal", or carbon steel. In
the field of maintenance and repair, specialised
companies are taking part in reduced rigging
times for aircraft struck during flight, via solutions for procedures that can be done in a shorter timeframe. Many solutions and services exist
that validate the use of composite materials in
aviation, whether civil, freight or military.
For space applications, the main preoccupation
continues to be the weight of onboard objects
in the launchers. Here, composites contribute
to reducing overall mass, by replacing existing
equipment with lighter components. Composites thus offer powerful arguments, such
as flexibility in part design, reduced assembly
complexity, or even low magnetism due to the
carbon. Once more, the trend of smaller satellites affords many critical benefits. Finally, in
the context of reusable launchers exposed to the
stratosphere and troposphere, composite materials are an obvious choice due to their anti-corrosion properties. n

54

Composite materials to protect and
lighten spacecraft
Since the 1990s, NASA has conducted several
studies on launchers to replace its space shuttles.
The X-37 Space Plane is the product of the multiple projects carried out and supported by Boeing,
the US Air Force and NASA. Piloted remotely, its
aim is to validate new technologies likely to be
beneficial for space transport, such as design of
propellant tanks, heat shield, avionics, and some
structural elements.
The X-37 is the third space vehicle demonstrator developed by NASA. Unlike previous versions, it can be
launched into orbit and then re-enter the atmosphere. Composed of composite panels, its structure is insulated from external elements by a heat shield. The latter uses ceramic tiles
for the parts with the greatest exposure to the elements, and
in particular to protect the ventral region. Composite tiles
that resist the oxygen attack to surfaces during atmospheric
re-entry serve to protect the leading edge of the wings.
The fifth mission (OTV-5) began on September 7, 2017, and
was launched by a SpaceX Falcon 9. After 780 days in orbit,
X-37 landed at the Kennedy Space Center on October 27,
2019. A sixth mission is planned for 2020.
www.nasa.gov
www.boeing.com
www.airforce.com

Monitoring facilities and
events on the ground
The French company Delair has created and commercialised aerial monitoring solutions since 2011. Real-time crop
monitoring and analysis, acquisition of information and intelligence missions, as well as protection of infrastructure like
railways, are just a few examples of the many application areas
covered.
Supplementing the range
of drones already available,
the DT26E's structure is
made of fibreglass, carbon
and Kevlar ©. It has a flight
range of 135 minutes and
a communication radius
range of up to 55 kilometres. Capable of being deployed in
only 8 minutes by a sole operator, the DT26E is perfectly
adapted to day and night surveillance missions. Virtually inaudible (< 80dBA (acoustic pressure converted at a distance
of 1m)), it has the added advantage of possessing a zero radar
signature. This model, which weighs a total of 16kg, can reach
speeds of 57km/h when cruising. It can also detect a human
being from 1,800 metres away.

jec composites magazine / N°136 September - October 2020

www.delair.aero


http://www.nasa.gov http://www.boeing.com http://www.airforce.com http://www.delair.aero

JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020

Cover
Edito
“We can change the way we envision global shipping overall”
Contents
NEWS
In brief
Agenda
BUSINESS
Reinforcement - Natural-fibre composites: an overview
Startup - When 3D printing meets sustainability
China - Xinzhou bets on the bamboo-based composites industry
MANUFACTURING
Wind - lnnovation in wind power through multi-process-capable systems
Automation - Higher production capacity thanks to automated manufacturing
FEATURE Sustainability - The path has been plotted
Recycling ecosystem - Composites recycling: in search of the circular economy
Mobility - A new generation of recycled composite materials for sustainable mobility
Preimpregnated textile - Healable composites to improve circularity
Process - New trends in composites and plastics recycling
Raw materials - Innovative composites made from up to 92% reclaimed materials
Construction - Biocomposites and automation: a sustainable future for the building industry
Ressources - Waste-free composite wheel production
Wind energy - From bottle to blade
Durable composites - Upcycling plastic bottles into value-added composite applications
Matrix - Novel thermoset composites for more competitive and sustainable industries
SOLUTIONS
Aerospace - Slinging rockets into space
Aerospace - Composites push back the final frontier
Railway - Composite overhead line catenary system for light rail
TECHNOLOGY
Repair - Developing an eddy current-based sensor system for quality assurance of carbon fibres
Inside the lab - Advanced Composite Materials Facility University of Southampton
Resin - Development of new type of plastics: Polypropylene 2.0
Index
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JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - “We can change the way we envision global shipping overall”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - In brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 9
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 10
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Agenda
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Reinforcement - Natural-fibre composites: an overview
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Startup - When 3D printing meets sustainability
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - China - Xinzhou bets on the bamboo-based composites industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Wind - lnnovation in wind power through multi-process-capable systems
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 19
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Automation - Higher production capacity thanks to automated manufacturing
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 24
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Recycling ecosystem - Composites recycling: in search of the circular economy
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 30
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Mobility - A new generation of recycled composite materials for sustainable mobility
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 32
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Preimpregnated textile - Healable composites to improve circularity
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Process - New trends in composites and plastics recycling
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Raw materials - Innovative composites made from up to 92% reclaimed materials
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Construction - Biocomposites and automation: a sustainable future for the building industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Ressources - Waste-free composite wheel production
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Wind energy - From bottle to blade
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Durable composites - Upcycling plastic bottles into value-added composite applications
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 47
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Matrix - Novel thermoset composites for more competitive and sustainable industries
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Aerospace - Slinging rockets into space
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 53
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Aerospace - Composites push back the final frontier
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Railway - Composite overhead line catenary system for light rail
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Repair - Developing an eddy current-based sensor system for quality assurance of carbon fibres
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 60
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Inside the lab - Advanced Composite Materials Facility University of Southampton
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 63
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Resin - Development of new type of plastics: Polypropylene 2.0
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 65
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Advertisers
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 68
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