JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 13

Natural-fibre composites: an overview

products is expected to supplement the segment's growth.
Inorganic compounds are one of
the most effective matrices in the
market. They are mainly applied
on wooden fibres. Inorganic compounds accounted for a 43.4%
share in 2015 and this trend is
anticipated to continue over the
coming years. Wood fibres combined with an inorganic matrix
offer benefits such as improved
toughness, cracking deformation
of the resulting composite, and
tensile strength.
Natural polymers include starch,
rubber, and synthetic polymers
such as PLA and PHB (polyhydroxy butyrate). The growing
demand for renewable and
degradable products is projected
to propel the market over the
coming years. This segment accounted for 25.1% of the market
in 2015.
Synthetic polymers, including
thermoplastics and thermosets,
are used as a matrix for wood
fibres. This segment is likely to
account for the second largest
share over the coming years.
Technology insights
In terms of technologies, the natural-fibre composites market is
segmented into injection moulding, compression moulding, and
pultrusion. Injection moulding
requires low-molecular-weight
polymers to maintain low
viscosity. This process is mainly
used for large-volume part production. The growing demand
for large-volume production
from end-use industries is poised
to contribute to the growth of this
segment.
Injection moulding accounted for
a revenue share of 10% in 2015. It
is a high-volume, high-pressure,
closed moulding technology
used for the development of composite products. This process is
followed by two steps: preheating

and pressurizing.
Compression moulding is a
high-pressure, high-volum moulding technology mainly used to
produce high-strength and complex objects for industries such
as automotive, transportation,
appliances, and other high-volume segments.
Pultrusion is widely used to produce various products for the rail
transport, aerospace, boats & marine, sports goods, wind turbine
blades, storage, and corrosive liquids transportation sectors. The
demand for low-weight, maintenance-free, corrosion-resistant,
and electrically non-conductive
products is expected to support
this segment's growth.
Application insights
NFC are mainly used in the
automotive and construction
industries to manufacture door
panels, seat backs, dashboards,
truck liners, headliners, decking,
railing, windows, and frames.
Electronics and sporting goods
are promising market segments.
Many products such as mobile
cases, laptop cases, tennis rackets,
bicycle, frames, and snowboards
are also produced from natural-fibre composites.
Natural fibre-reinforced bio composites are used in the automotive
industry to produce lightweight
parts with good mechanical
properties in order to improve
fuel efficiency and reduce CO2
emissions. They contribute to a
30% weight reduction and a 20%
cost reduction in car manufacturing. This segment accounted for
a revenue share of over 30% in
2015.
NFCs used in the automotive
industry are developed using
wood and non-wood fibres such
as flax, hemp, and cellulose as
an alternative to glass fibre. The
resulting products are lighter
compared to modern materials.
Using these materials in a man-

Fig. 2: Flax fibre processing example (source: Procotex)

ufacturing process can reduce
costs by approximately 20%.
Natural fibres are a low-cost, sustainable alternative to synthetic
and metallic fibres used as building materials. In some cases, their
mechanical properties, including
impact resistance, flexural properties, and fracture toughness, are
better than those of glass fibre.
The construction segment held
56% of the overall market volume
in 2015.
Regional insights
The soaring demand for flaxbased NFC, their growing popularity, and the surging demand for
consumer goods are anticipated
to provide a significant push to
the North American market. In
the region's automotive industry,
the NAFILEAN process has
resulted in sustainable design
for centre consoles, instrument
panels, and door panels.
Extensive research is conducted

by European car manufacturers
to develop natural polymer matrices for front and rear door liners,
boot liners, and parcel shelves.
Europe accounted for 15.4% of
the market volume in 2015.
Germany is one the largest
producers of cars and a major
hemp importer in Europe. The
automotive industry's increasing
demand for biodegradable and
lightweight products in order to
increase fuel efficiency is estimated to stoke the country's growth.
In the Asia Pacific region, the
sporting goods, electronics, and
automotive industries are projected to register a healthy growth
rate in the coming years due to
an increasing disposable income
coupled with an improving
standard of living. China is dominating the Asia Pacific market
and this trend is likely to continue
over the coming years.
More information:
www.grandviewresearch.com

Fig. 3: Revenue of the US natural-fibre composites (NFC) market by raw materials, 2013-2024 (million USD) (Source: grandviewresearch)

N°136 September - October 2020

/ jec composites magazine

13


http://www.grandviewresearch.com

JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020

Cover
Edito
“We can change the way we envision global shipping overall”
Contents
NEWS
In brief
Agenda
BUSINESS
Reinforcement - Natural-fibre composites: an overview
Startup - When 3D printing meets sustainability
China - Xinzhou bets on the bamboo-based composites industry
MANUFACTURING
Wind - lnnovation in wind power through multi-process-capable systems
Automation - Higher production capacity thanks to automated manufacturing
FEATURE Sustainability - The path has been plotted
Recycling ecosystem - Composites recycling: in search of the circular economy
Mobility - A new generation of recycled composite materials for sustainable mobility
Preimpregnated textile - Healable composites to improve circularity
Process - New trends in composites and plastics recycling
Raw materials - Innovative composites made from up to 92% reclaimed materials
Construction - Biocomposites and automation: a sustainable future for the building industry
Ressources - Waste-free composite wheel production
Wind energy - From bottle to blade
Durable composites - Upcycling plastic bottles into value-added composite applications
Matrix - Novel thermoset composites for more competitive and sustainable industries
SOLUTIONS
Aerospace - Slinging rockets into space
Aerospace - Composites push back the final frontier
Railway - Composite overhead line catenary system for light rail
TECHNOLOGY
Repair - Developing an eddy current-based sensor system for quality assurance of carbon fibres
Inside the lab - Advanced Composite Materials Facility University of Southampton
Resin - Development of new type of plastics: Polypropylene 2.0
Index
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JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - “We can change the way we envision global shipping overall”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - In brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 9
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 10
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Agenda
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Reinforcement - Natural-fibre composites: an overview
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Startup - When 3D printing meets sustainability
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - China - Xinzhou bets on the bamboo-based composites industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Wind - lnnovation in wind power through multi-process-capable systems
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 19
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Automation - Higher production capacity thanks to automated manufacturing
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 24
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Recycling ecosystem - Composites recycling: in search of the circular economy
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 30
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Mobility - A new generation of recycled composite materials for sustainable mobility
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 32
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Preimpregnated textile - Healable composites to improve circularity
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Process - New trends in composites and plastics recycling
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Raw materials - Innovative composites made from up to 92% reclaimed materials
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Construction - Biocomposites and automation: a sustainable future for the building industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Ressources - Waste-free composite wheel production
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Wind energy - From bottle to blade
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Durable composites - Upcycling plastic bottles into value-added composite applications
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 47
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Matrix - Novel thermoset composites for more competitive and sustainable industries
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Aerospace - Slinging rockets into space
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 53
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Aerospace - Composites push back the final frontier
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Railway - Composite overhead line catenary system for light rail
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Repair - Developing an eddy current-based sensor system for quality assurance of carbon fibres
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 60
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Inside the lab - Advanced Composite Materials Facility University of Southampton
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 63
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Resin - Development of new type of plastics: Polypropylene 2.0
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 65
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - Advertisers
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #136 - September/October 2020 - 68
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