JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 3

EDlTORlAL

Paving the runway to electric

N°135 July - August 2020

By

---57th year
CEO/Publisher:
Eric Pierrejean

Editorial

Frédéric Reux

Editor-in-chief
reux@jeccomposites.com

Editor-in-chief & Media director:
Frédéric Reux - reux@jeccomposites.com
Technical editor:
Aïcha Mikdam - mikdam@jeccomposites.com
Contributors:
Antoine Morel - morel@jeccomposites.com
Franck Glowacz - glowacz@jeccomposites.com
Kim-Oanh Truong - kim@jeccomposites.com
Thierry Saint-Martin - saintmartin@jeccomposites.com
Simonetta Pegorari - Isa Hofmann

Editing & Graphic design
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Graphic designer:
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BPA June statement 2019.
Print circulation of 27,480 and
electronic circulation of 23,028

"

At the time that I write these lines, the
aeronautics sector is traversing an area
of high turbulence. The entire value
chain has been impacted - airlines,
airport infrastructure, air traffic control,
manufacturers, subcontractors, suppliers...
and as a consequence, business, exchanges
of all kinds, and tourism. Never have we
experienced such a situation, nor could we
even have imagined it.
And yet, numerous initiatives are being
under way right now, which are very
exciting. I'm referring to electricity, and to
all the projects in progress. There are so
many that I will not be able to list them all.
These exemplify a profound movement that
will inevitably lead to a minor revolution in
the field of aeronautics. It's inconceivable
that the research not result in operational
solutions, as witnessed in road transport. It's
just the beginning, but it's a promising one.
Reducing kerosene consumption, and
lowering CO² emissions in a significant
way are accepted objectives. To date, the
aeronautics industry accounts for 10% of
transport-related CO² emissions and 2-3% of
all emissions worldwide. Of course, aircraft
and engine manufacturers have already made
progress - the latest generations of airplanes
consume from 10% to 20% less than their
predecessors. And they continue to work
on aircraft weight and engines, in addition
to taxiing and flight path optimization. All
this to say that things are headed in the right
direction, but it isn't enough to reduce their
footprint, when we consider that projections
indicate only an increase in traffic. Today, to
take these goals farther, it's clear that the path
to electric must be taken by all.
On May 18 of this year, for example,
GKN Aerospace and Eviation signed an
agreement for the design and manufacture
of wings, empennage and electrical wiring
N°135 July - August 2020 /

interconnection systems (EWIS) for Alice.
Alice is a three-engine electric plane designed
for nine passengers and two crew members.
It was introduced for the first time in June
2019 at the Paris Air Show. The maiden
flight of the hybrid airplane from American
startup Ampaire was completed that month
as well. This plane is a retrofitted Cessna 337
with two engines, one combustion, and the
other, electric.
Finally, on January 20, 2020, IMOTHEP, a
project to study hybrid electric propulsion
coordinated by the French Aerospace Lab,
ONERA, was selected by the European
Commission. The program aspires to
revolutionize the design of commercial
airplanes. ONERA is also working on a
solution for distributing thrust, through a
large number of electric ducted fans placed
underneath each wing. In their proposal,
the electricity supplied to the engines is
produced by turbines located at the rear of
the aircraft. Since the on-board kerosene is
transformed into electricity, the plane uses
hybrid propulsion technology.
Finally, to bring this brief survey to a close,
on May 6 precisely, VoltAero unveiled the
configuration of its Cassio airplanes. Its
propulsion is assured by the hybrid-electric
module developed in-house, and the plane
integrates a combination of electric motors
that are mated with a high-performance
internal combustion engine serving to
extend the range.
As we've just seen, the lines of research are
varied and many, and the list of projects is
quite long. As for composites, in all this?
I'd tell you that they are at the heart of the
question, since weight reduction is a sine
qua non condition. For that matter, the
Alice airplane has been built entirely from
composite materials. As always, enjoy
reading this issue.

jec composites magazine

3


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JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020

Cover
Edito
“We include composite materials in order to offer the most efficient protection”
Contents
NEWS
In brief
Agenda
BUSINESS
China - What is the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on chemical groups in China?
Startup - UBQ introduces the greenest thermoplastic material
Finance - Finding funding
MANUFACTURING
Simulation - Virtual design of a mediacal auto-injection
Method - The importance of FRP process specifications
FEATURE AERONAUTICS - Can composites help restart activity?
- Additive manufacturing: Printing continuous carbon fibre in true 3D
- Thermoplastics: A thermoplastic T-profile with effective lay-up in one shot
- Maintenance: Automated adaptive machining of aircraft composite structures
- OOA: Out-of-autoclave manufacturing processes for composite aerostructures
- Process: Overmoulded interfaces for composite aircraft parts
- Bonding: The Bondline Control Technology
- Interview: “Don’t miss the shift to Green and the chance to make a positive impact on the environment!”
- Testimonials: Aeronautics: now what?
- Natural fibre: A satellite panel reinforced with natural fibres for cleaner space exploration
SOLUTIONS
Autonomous human flight - Sky is no limit for inventors
Building & construction - Building reality with composites
Aerospace - Lightweight liner-less carbon composite subscale cryotank
TECHNOLOGY
Design - Developing CFRP components for machine tools
Inside the lab - Advanced Composites Laboratory,c Texas State University
FEA - Optimization approach for designing composite components
Index
Advertisers
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - “We include composite materials in order to offer the most efficient protection”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - In brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 9
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 10
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Agenda
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - China - What is the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on chemical groups in China?
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Startup - UBQ introduces the greenest thermoplastic material
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Finance - Finding funding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Simulation - Virtual design of a mediacal auto-injection
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 19
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Method - The importance of FRP process specifications
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Additive manufacturing: Printing continuous carbon fibre in true 3D
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 26
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Thermoplastics: A thermoplastic T-profile with effective lay-up in one shot
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Maintenance: Automated adaptive machining of aircraft composite structures
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 31
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 32
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - OOA: Out-of-autoclave manufacturing processes for composite aerostructures
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Process: Overmoulded interfaces for composite aircraft parts
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 38
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Bonding: The Bondline Control Technology
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 42
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Interview: “Don’t miss the shift to Green and the chance to make a positive impact on the environment!”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Testimonials: Aeronautics: now what?
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 47
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - - Natural fibre: A satellite panel reinforced with natural fibres for cleaner space exploration
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Autonomous human flight - Sky is no limit for inventors
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Building & construction - Building reality with composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Aerospace - Lightweight liner-less carbon composite subscale cryotank
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Design - Developing CFRP components for machine tools
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 60
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Inside the lab - Advanced Composites Laboratory,c Texas State University
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 63
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - FEA - Optimization approach for designing composite components
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 65
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - Advertisers
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #135 - July/August 2020 - 68
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