JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 21

Fig. 2: The BMW i3 structure

BMW success
In 2014, the BMW i3 was very
successful in technical terms
as well as in sales. BMW's
gamble was risky and, even if
the ramp-up seems to hold a
few surprises (which is always
the case), this car, an icon for
carbon composites, opens up
new opportunities. Had BMW
not won its bet, the introduction of carbon, except in
luxury cars, might have been
slowed down.

Carbon fibre investments
Carbon fibre manufacturers

were rather discrete in 2013.
They regained confidence
after a globally poor 2012 in
terms of sales. 2014 saw many
announcements. First, Toray's
purchase of Zoltek was formalized after approval by the
American regulatory commission. Toray also announced
that it planned to invest almost
one billion dollars in the
United States over the next
few years and inaugurated its
new PAN precursor production plant in the south-west
of France. Hexcel, for its
part, finally made official its

medium-term installation
of a carbon fibre and PAN
precursor production plant
south of Lyon, again in France,
and continues to invest in the
United States. Cytec signed
a strategic agreement with
Dralon, the German specialist in textile acrylic fibres, for
the development of large tow
carbon fibres for industrial
markets. Finally, Toray signed
a supply agreement with Boeing for the wings of the future
777X and, on the new Toyota
Mirai, showcased the solutions that carbon can bring to
hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

According to certain forecasts, in this case that of the
EWEA, wind turbines could
reach more than 250 metres
in diameter by 2020 in order
to improve their output even
more. When will there be a
wind turbine as high as the
Eiffel tower?

Thermoplastic research
has the wind in its sails

Thermosets continue to
develop but the forecasts for
growth are even greater for
thermoplastics. Here again, it
has been a fact for several years
now but 2014 echoes this
even more. In aeronautics, the
Wind turbines keep
future single-aisle programmes
after the A320 Neo will regrowing to gigantic
quire extremely high producproportions
Wind turbines are maintaining tion rates and it will become
their momentum on becoming necessary to facilitate the
even bigger. Vestas launched
management of the infrastrucits V164-8MW wind turbine
tures required for production.
with a 164-metre diameter
The automotive industry is
and 8-MW output capacity.
paying even more attention to
The A380 is getting smaller
this because its needs are more
compared to these monsters
short term in regards to reach(Figure 3).
ing the threshold limits for
CO2 emissions that will take
effect in 2020-2021.
2014 greatly boosted confidence in the future of almost
all sectors in the composite
industry. Certainly, numerous
challenges are yet to be met
but many indicators are on
green. An example: the learning curve for the production
of composites in the automotive industry is still at an early
stage, even though SMC has
been very popular for many
years for certain parts. n

More information:
www.jeccomposites.com

Fig. 3: The Vestas V164-8MW or immensity in motion

No94 January - February 2015 /

jec composites magazine 21


http://www.jeccomposites.com

JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015

Cover
Edito
Point of view: Raw materials
Contents
Companies & Business
In brief
Resins - lnterview
Agenda of Events
Applications
Aerospace
Defense
Sustainability
Market
Overview 2014
China - Interview
FEATURE CARBON
Carbon
Training
Investment - Interview
Simulation
CFRT
Nano
Equipment
Marine
Research & Development
Monitoring
LCM
Technology & Innovations
Manufacturing
Pultrusion
NDT
Matrix
Simulation
Index
In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Point of view: Raw materials
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - In brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 9
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 10
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Resins - lnterview
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 12
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 14
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Agenda of Events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Ad1
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Ad2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Aerospace
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Defense
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Sustainability
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Overview 2014
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - China - Interview
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Carbon
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Training
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Investment - Interview
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Simulation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 30
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 31
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - CFRT
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Nano
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Equipment
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Marine
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Monitoring
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 42
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - LCM
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 44
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Manufacturing
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 47
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Pultrusion
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - NDT
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Matrix
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 53
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Simulation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 56
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - Index
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #94 - January/February 2015 - 60
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