JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 15

Current scenario
The current shelters in India are usually made from materials such as canvas, tarps, plastic sheeting, tin sheets, etc. providing inexpensive temporary shelter at minimal cost. However, fabrics tend to rot-canvas and plastic both disintegrate upon exposure to water and UV rays. Tin structures also prove inadequate with their minimal protection from the elements. Additionnaly, the strong feeling of impermanence and physical vulnerability of the people living in these so called “shelters” is gnawing. Besides temporary housing, temporary and portable office space is a large segment which lends itself to FRP design. The growing infrastructure development and increasing number of projects in road building, construction, etc. will determine the demand for such office space, which is going to be enormous. Presently, some of this demand is met by container style boxes manufactured in steel, which makes them heavy and not so portable.

Kiosks is another segment which is gaining in popularity. There are 2 types of kiosks in use – for interior use and for exterior use. Exterior kiosks are used as security personnel cabins, milk booths, newspaper booths, the very common Paan (chewable betel leaf) shops, etc. These are generally of poor quality, poor aesthetics and without much consideration for the user. Interior kiosks are used to promote and sell products in malls, airports, etc. They look better and are made from steel, aluminium, wood or laminates and fabricated on site. There is scope for making these products from standard modules and in composite materials with built-in aesthetics and ergonomics and built-in electrical and mechanical systems.

and quality. There is very little systematic research in this area or in the use of composite materials for construction, in India at present.

A unique programme
TIFAC has been running a unique mission – the Advanced Composite Programme (ACP) – to promote the use of composites in India. Its policy of involving end users and supporting user industry through easy financing, while providing high-level expertise through consultants, ensures success for the projects as shown by many examples. Among others, TIFAC has supported projects such as a modular toilet for rail coaches, a luxury houseboat for tourism authority, the interior of a 3-tier sleeper coach for Indian Railways, all developed in composite materials with technology and design inputs from the IITB. In all these projects, design was the driving discipline and was integrated seamlessly with technology and manufacturing processes through appropriate product planning and conceptualization and taking in account human and aesthetic factors and the concerns of all stakeholders. Encouraged by the success of the projects and acceptance of design as an integral part of development, TIFAC supported a project to develop a “multipurpose modular housing system” in FRP at the IITB.

resilience); - Easy and quick construction of shelters; - Temporary shelters to be dismantled and stored for future use; - Portability and transportability; - Joinery to be made simpler by incorporating speciallydesigned elements; - Functionnal felxibility required for different users or to satisfy varying customer demands.

A modular system
The use of modular architectural concepts helped to meet the above challenges effectively by designing separate components that could be connected together in a predetermined manner. The characteristic of a modular system is that any one component (module) can be replaced or added/ removed/substituted without affecting the rest of the system. Construction using modular elements provides flexibility so that the structures can be altered to suit a variety of uses with minimal changes. Through modular design and construction, the benefits and economies of industrial production were combined with the ability to satisfy the customized requirements of a diverse user group. Modular construction has to be precisely designed, as the modules need to be replicable and interchangeable. Smaller sections or modules are manufactured separately and are assembled on site with quick fastening techniques. All major systems, including mechanical, electrical, plumbing and finishes, are to be integrated into the modules in the manufacturing plant prior to shipping and installation.

There are very few players in the modular construction sector. Fair-sized shelters or temporary work offices are copies or simplistic adaptations of normal brick & mortar or metal constructions. FRP composite materials are generally used for small units like security cabins. Quite often, they are not modular in nature but delivered to the site as a single shell by the local manufacturer. They are expensive to transport to remote areas, where the need is greater. FRP use is usually restricted to atrium canopies, decorative Fig.1: Current shelters in relief camps façade elements or These are essentially mono“pseudo stained glass” panels. block constructions that cannot Much needs to be done to be dismantled for transport. A integrate appropriate materials, modular approach and the use of construction techniques, FRP can address some of these transportability, suitability of issues effectively. use, aesthetic & marketability

No67 August - September 2011 / jec composites magazine

Project challenges

The project had to take up the following challenges: - Appropriate use of the FRP material and its properties (high specific strength, thermal insulation, corrosion resistance, electrical insulation and

15

Applications



JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011

Cover
Edito
Point of view: "I have a very positive view of the market" by Thomas Hedger
Contents
Agenda of Events
COMPANY & BUSINESS
- In Brief
- Automotive
APPLICATIONS
- Aeronautics
- Building & construction
- Sustainability
MARKET
- Composites
- Asia-Pacific
- Resin
-Productivity
-Human Resources
FEATURE MARINE
- Natural Fibre
- Environment
- Race boat
- Simulation
- Coating
- Bonding
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
- Simulation
- Natural Fibre
TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATIONS
- RTM-S
-Software
- SMC
Index
In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Point of view: "I have a very positive view of the market" by Thomas Hedger
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 8
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Agenda of Events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - PubJEC
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - PubESI
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - In Brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Automotive
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Aeronautics
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Building & construction
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 16
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Sustainability
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Asia-Pacific
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 24
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Resin
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 26
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - -Productivity
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 30
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - -Human Resources
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 32
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Natural Fibre
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Environment
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Race boat
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Simulation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Coating
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 44
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Bonding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Simulation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 51
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Natural Fibre
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - RTM-S
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - -Software
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 62
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 63
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - SMC
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Index
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 68
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