JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 14

By
14

building & construction

Composite materials in modular housing:
growing design potential & an imperative need in India
extreme conditions. The word “designer materials” suits them perfectly as they can be “tailor made” to have specific properties for the application in mind. We therefore believe that “design” is very closely connected with composites and it is through design that the potential of these materials can be fully realized. Of course, the limitations of composites cannot be ignored but, here again, these limitations can be offset by design strategies. The Industrial Design Centre (IDC) at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB) has worked extensively with agencies such as TIFAC (the Technology Information, Forecasting & Assessment Council, which runs a Composite Mission programme), the Government of India’s Department of Science & Technology and various manufacturers to develop a variety of appropriate applications for composite materials, particularly glassreinforced plastics (GRP), to
Tab. 1: Housing stock damage after the Gujarat earthquake

In the next 35 years, 3.5 billion people will need places to live, i.e. 3,500 cities with one million residents. Today, there are less than 300 cities of this size in the world. In the next 35 years, another 600 million housing units will be needed, more than exist now.

K. MUNSHI PROFESSOR, INDUSTRIAL DESIGN / MOBILITY & VEHICLE DESIGN DIRECTOR, CTECH LABS PVT. LTD INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BOMBAY

jec composites magazine / No67 August - September 2011

T

he growing human population adds to the ever-increasing demand for shelter. In addition to the existing housing shortage, India is facing the problem of sheltering people affected by natural calamities such as the Gujarat earthquake or the recent tsunami, and also for those affected by annual floods in various parts of the country. Shelter is also required for people displaced due to dam building and other development projects. Designing mass-produced housing and shelters with composite materials such as fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) can help alleviate the problem to some extent and at a faster

pace. As a word for describing materials, “composite” has varied connotations. Basically, it is a combination of two or more materials with better properties than its constituent materials. The concept of composite material has been understood and applied in structures since ancient times, for example bamboo and plaster as well as straw and mud composites for making huts, and warfare applications such as swords made of steel and soft iron. The most common composite today is steel-reinforced concrete, where the high tensile strength of steel is combined with the high compressive strength of concrete to create a fantastic building material, whereby the concrete itself is a composite of cement, sand and gravel. With newer and newer materials being developed, fibre-reinforced composites have gained ground. This also applies to glass-fibre reinforced plastics like polyester or carbonfibre reinforced epoxies that have “engineered” properties that they can be used in aerospace applications under

Tab. 2: People requiring relocation due to tsunamis*

effectively compete with traditional materials on cost and offer superior functionality and performance. Some of the work focused on products like railway cars, vehicles and a special class of boats. The examples below demonstrate how creative design strategies and modular concepts combined with a humanistic approach help develop products that effectively addess user concerns and are far superior to existing products.

Pucca houses destroyed Pucca houses damaged

159,960 399,346 148,339 295,061 13,889 31,395 M 1.2 SOURCE:

Kachcha houses destroyed Kachcha houses damaged Huts destroyed Huts damaged

Total houses damaged

W3.WHOSEA.ORG/GUJARAT/FINALREPORT3.HTM

State Tamil Nadu Pondicherry Andhra Pradesh Kerala

Persons moved to safer places 499,962 700,000 34,264 22,474 11,797

Relief camps/ persons in the camps 412 / 309,379 48 / 6,750 65 / 30,500 35 / 22,474 110 / 40,903

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

*FIGURES AS OF 5 JANUARY 2005


http://w3.whosea.org/gujarat/finalreport3.htm

JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011

Cover
Edito
Point of view: "I have a very positive view of the market" by Thomas Hedger
Contents
Agenda of Events
COMPANY & BUSINESS
- In Brief
- Automotive
APPLICATIONS
- Aeronautics
- Building & construction
- Sustainability
MARKET
- Composites
- Asia-Pacific
- Resin
-Productivity
-Human Resources
FEATURE MARINE
- Natural Fibre
- Environment
- Race boat
- Simulation
- Coating
- Bonding
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
- Simulation
- Natural Fibre
TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATIONS
- RTM-S
-Software
- SMC
Index
In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Point of view: "I have a very positive view of the market" by Thomas Hedger
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 8
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Agenda of Events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - PubJEC
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - PubESI
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - In Brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Automotive
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Aeronautics
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Building & construction
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 16
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Sustainability
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Asia-Pacific
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 24
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Resin
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 26
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - -Productivity
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 30
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - -Human Resources
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 32
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Natural Fibre
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Environment
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Race boat
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Simulation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Coating
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 44
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Bonding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Simulation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 51
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - Natural Fibre
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - RTM-S
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - -Software
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 62
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 63
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - - SMC
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - Index
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #67 - August/September 2011 - 68
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