JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 23

performance level as the current series concepts (Fig. 11). Fig. 11: Use of carbon fibres in crash structures. Based on these results and promising initial cost estimations, a lay-out for an automated production process using prepreg pressing technology was developed. In order to avoid costintensive manual processes and to achieve cycle times compatible with automotive series production, a higher degree of automation was implemented. This concept consists of two steps: stacking of the prepreg plies, followed by a forming and curing process. are not practical to produce using hand lay-up, improved material utilization. However, hand lay-up is still needed in a number of cases for the following reasons: • some part designs require materials (fabrics) that cannot be processed using automated equipment, Fig. 13: Optimized cycle-time processes with automated • part configuration (e.g. tight continuous steps. radius, multiple ply drop), • low production rates, The next step involves forming and • many small parts (e.g. composite curing the prepreg stacks in a pressing shims, brackets, angles) are not practical process. Once again, the process is highly to produce using automation, automated by the use of handling robots. • lower capital investment. An adhesive is then applied onto the CFRP components, which then can be The deciding benefits of automation for assembled into steel or aluminium Hitco were enhanced capabilities, structures (Fig. 13). increased competitiveness (reduced part unit cost), improved product throughput, While such automotive approaches were and time-to-market improvement. driven by public interest for lightweight constructions and high crash security, automated aeronautic technologies were initially developed for the military sector quite a while ago. They are now making massive inroads into commercial aerospace. Future key technologies The future key technologies for producing carbon composite parts for the Boeing 787 and the A 350 will be based on automated processes, taking the market away from competitors focused on hand lay-up. SGL has decided to invest massively in automated tape laying and fibre placement, as well as in other automated technologies (Fig. 14, 15) at its 100% affiliate company Hitco Carbon Composites. The primary reasons for investing in automated composite processing methods are: • increased productivity: an average laminator can lay-up 1-1.4 kg of material in an hour while automation typically begins at 3.5-5.5 kg per hour depending on the equipment type and part complexity, • reduced component manufacturing costs, • repeatable quality of components, • reduced in-process inspection costs, • many large parts (e.g. fuselage panels) Fig. 14 et 15: Automated composite processing system at SGL Hitco (AFP) Fig. 12: Automated continuous stacking of prepreg plies in a special calender. Conclusion Based on the above-mentioned advantages, hand lay-up will retain a certain market share in specific niches, but will lose the dominating role it has held in the past. Carbon composites are on the way to true industrialization, but there is it still a lot of work to do. It is now up to the scientists, engineers and managers in our industry to deliver. Failure is not an option. More information: www.sglgroup.com Part One: JCM N°47, pages 24-25 First of all, the geometry and fibre orientations are optimized by FE analysis with the resulting parameters being used as the basis for the stacking operations. These are necessary as automotive parts are usually too thick to be made from a single ply. The plies are thus stacked in a special calender system which is highly automated. At the end of this station, the stacks are cut into the desired shape and eventually stored (Fig. 12). No48 May 2009 / jec composites magazine 23
http://www.sglgroup.com http://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0903_47/index.php#/25

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009

Cover
INDEX
CONTENTS
NEWS WORLDWIDE
Companies - AGY expands into Asia Pacific
- Ranger uses expertise to gain foothold in China
- Swancor: two-digit growth and double the ambition
Agenda of events
Innovations - Diamond tool producer celebrates 50th anniversary
 - Eliminating dust from your work environment
 - Autoclaves from XS to XXL
BUSINESS
Market survey - Industrialization of the carboncomposite industry (2nd part)
Strategy - Growth strategies during turbulent times
Trends - A comprehensive view of software and services
Niche market: Luggage - Beautiful structural balance
FEATURE AERONAUTICS
Design - Pushing the envelope in composites design
Engineering - Reducing the complexity of composites engineering
Testing - Laboratory infusion test unit: for new materials testing and process validation
Simulation - An industrial solution to simulate post-buckling and damage
Application - Attainable solutions with composite materials
 - Benzoxazine resin sytems for future interior applications
 - Prototype A350 XWB composite wing spars
FEATURE DISTRIBUTION
Japan - Strongly committed to customer satisfaction
India - “Distribution in India is quite a complex and challenging proposition”
Iran - The History of Polyfiber Company
Australia - Lance Brown: a global market view
USERS’ PLATFORM
Composites in the world - Adaptive energy concept
 - Golf club head
 - Thermoplastic wind turbines in Antarctica
 - High-quality headphones
Successful partners - The A400M cargo door: faster, lighter and better value
Application - Mass-produced zero-emission vehicle
KNOW-HOW
Nanotubes - Carbon nanotubes in polymer matrix composite structures
Control - Process control through dielectric monitoring
Materials - Recent advancements in materials for liquid resin infusion
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 3
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 4
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - INDEX
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - CONTENTS
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 8
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Companies - AGY expands into Asia Pacific
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - - Ranger uses expertise to gain foothold in China
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 11
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 12
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - - Swancor: two-digit growth and double the ambition
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Agenda of events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Innovations - Diamond tool producer celebrates 50th anniversary
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 -  - Eliminating dust from your work environment
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 -  - Autoclaves from XS to XXL
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - BUSINESS
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Market survey - Industrialization of the carboncomposite industry (2nd part)
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Strategy - Growth strategies during turbulent times
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 26
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Trends - A comprehensive view of software and services
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Niche market: Luggage - Beautiful structural balance
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - FEATURE AERONAUTICS
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Design - Pushing the envelope in composites design
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Engineering - Reducing the complexity of composites engineering
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Testing - Laboratory infusion test unit: for new materials testing and process validation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Simulation - An industrial solution to simulate post-buckling and damage
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Application - Attainable solutions with composite materials
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 -  - Benzoxazine resin sytems for future interior applications
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 -  - Prototype A350 XWB composite wing spars
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - FEATURE DISTRIBUTION
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Japan - Strongly committed to customer satisfaction
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - India - “Distribution in India is quite a complex and challenging proposition”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Iran - The History of Polyfiber Company
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Australia - Lance Brown: a global market view
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 56
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - USERS’ PLATFORM
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 -  - Golf club head
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 -  - High-quality headphones
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Successful partners - The A400M cargo door: faster, lighter and better value
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Application - Mass-produced zero-emission vehicle
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - KNOW-HOW
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Nanotubes - Carbon nanotubes in polymer matrix composite structures
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 65
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 66
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 68
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Control - Process control through dielectric monitoring
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 70
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 71
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - Materials - Recent advancements in materials for liquid resin infusion
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 73
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 74
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 75
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #48 - May 2009 - 76
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm2007_135
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm_2020_Q1_Innovation_Report
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm2005_Special_Issue3
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm2005_134
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm2003_133
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm2001_132
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1911_Special_Issue2
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1911_131
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1909_130
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1907_129
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1905_128
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1903_Special_Issue1
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1903_127
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1901_126
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1811_125
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1810_124
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1808_123
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1807_122
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1805_121
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1804_120
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1803_119
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1802_119-Supplement_Innovation_Report
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1801_118
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1711_117
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1710_116
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1708_115
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1707_114
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1706_113
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1704_112
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1703_111
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1701_110
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1611_109
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1610_108
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1608_107
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1607_106
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1605_105
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1604_104
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1603_103
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1601_102
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1511_101
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1510_100
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1509_99
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1507_98
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1505_97
https://www.nxtbook.fr/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1504_96
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1503_95
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1501_94
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1412_93
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1410_92
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1409_91
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1406_90
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1405_89
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1404_88
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1403_87
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1401_86
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1311_85
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1310_84
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1308_83
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1307_82
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1305_81
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1304_80
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1303_79
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1301_78
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1212_77
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1210_76
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1208_75
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1207_74
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1206_73
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1204_72
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1203_71
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1201_70
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1111_69
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1110_68
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1108_67
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1107_66
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1105_65
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1104_64
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1103_63
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1101_62
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1011_61
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1010_60
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1009_59
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1006_58
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1005_57
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1004_56
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1003_55
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm1001_54
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0911_53
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0910_52
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0909_51
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0907-08_50
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0906_49
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0904_48
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0903_47
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0901_46
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0811_45
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0810_44
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0809_43
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0807_42
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0806_41
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0805_40
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0803_39
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0801_38
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0712_37
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0710_36
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0709_35
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0707_34
https://www.nxtbook.com/newpress/jeccomposites/jcm0706_33
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com